Telangana Armed Struggle – V6 Spot Light – September 16th 2014
Telangana Armed Struggle ( Telangana Sayudha Poratam ) was a peasant rebellion against the feudal lords of the Telangana region and later against the princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951. The communists were as surprised as everyone else to see their efforts culminate in a series of successful attempts at organising the rebellion and the distribution of land. With the Nizam holding on, even after the proclamation of Indian Independence, the communists stepped up their campaign stating that the flag of the Indian union was also the flag of the people of Hyderabad, much against the wishes of the ruling Asaf Jah dynasty.
The revolt started in 1946 in the against the oppressive feudal lords and quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts in around 4000 villages. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against local feudal landlords , who were ruling the villages known as samsthans. These samsthans were ruled mostly by Reddys and Velama, known as doralu. They ruled over the communities in the village and managed the tax collections and owned almost all the land in that area. The Nizam had little control over these regions, barring the capital Hyderabad. Chakali Ilamma, belonging to a the Rajaka caste, had revolted against ‘zamindar’ Ramachandra Reddy, during the struggle when he tried to take her 4 acres of land. Her revolt inspired many to join the movement.